Epoxy Equipment: What is needed to apply an epoxy floor

grinding concrete floor

In my previous article I gave some advice for people who want to get started in epoxy flooring. In this article I want to go a step further and provide advice to people who need epoxy equipment.

More importantly I want to discuss the costs involved in setting a flooring business.

Epoxy Equipment for Surface Preparation

The biggest cost in setting up a resinous flooring business is the surface preparation equipment. As there is a large range of surface preparation equipment available, I always suggest start out with something flexible and versatile and you can always more advanced equipment if you land new projects that require specialized equipment.

Having said that, a versatile floor grinder is a must. (click here to watch  a video on diamond grinding)

This grinder should have adjustable/ removable diamonds can be easily swapped out and replaced according to your needs. Not all diamond tools are the same: Some tools are used for hard concrete, others for soft concrete.

Some tools are aggressive and others smoother. Ideally you want a machine that can be used for both grinding and sanding. (I still regret not having bought a versatile grinder when I started out)

grinding concrete floor

Start out with a smaller one-phase machine. Three phase machines are more productive as they have larger grinding diameters. But the problem with 3-phase grinders is that not all building sites have electrical power supplies for 3 phase machines. Invest in a 3-phase when you have a large enough project that justifies the cost.

Hand Held Grinders

Along with your main floor grinding epoxy equipment you should own several handheld grinders. A handheld (bell shaped) concrete grinder is an amazing tool every flooring professional should own.

Personally I recommend the ones by Bosch. This tool has delivered some amazing work over the years. The price is about 400 euros in Europe but it was worth every penny.

Furthermore you should invest in edge angle grinders. These are smaller and have less power than concrete grinders. They are useful for sanding, cutting screws and performing various other little tasks.

scarifying concrete floor before epoxy coating

Other equipment used in surface preparation are shot blasters and floor milling equipment. These are very useful especially if you need to apply thicker coatings. But I would recommend that you invest in these when you have more work, or if the specific project on hand requires the use of such equipment.

Keep in mind, in many countries there are subcontractors that can arrange to do shot-blasting if you do not want to invest in the equipment yourself.

Vacuums and Dust Collection

The other big epoxy equipment expense is collecting the dust. This is the dust that emerges during surface preparation. You need to have dust collection equipment as well as a vacuum cleaner.

Some contractors opt to use the same for both tasks, but you will soon realize that it may be preferable to keep dust collection separately and use a standalone vacuum cleaner. Expect to need brooms –many brooms – and expect to replace them very frequently!

vacuuming concrete floor
Vacuuming dust from epoxy floor

For all of the above epoxy equipment you will require a range of extension cords as well as lighting equipment when working in dark areas.

Smaller Epoxy Tools

You should have several electrical mixers at hand for mixing the components of the A and the B components. If you have larger flooring projects going you should invest in a semi-automated mixing station. This will guarantee higher quality mixing and will save you on labor costs. (Read this article here on common mixing mistakes in epoxy flooring)

I’ve left for last all those every day tools you need to actually apply the epoxy. Some of these tools will be disposable (such as paintbrushes, lambskin rollers, squeegees etc) and other tools are re-usable such as screed rakes and spiked rollers.

You should have a range of trowels used for grouting and applying epoxy. All these handtools will require regular cleaning and replacing. Always have spare tools available on site. You don’t want something to break down when you are in the middle of a job.

So there you have it. This is my starter’s list for an epoxy flooring contractor. This list is by no means exhaustive – In flooring it is common for more unexpected needs to come up. So what are your thoughts did I miss anything?

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Akis Apostolopoulos

General Manager at Ktisis
Akis has been involved in the manufacturing and application of industrial floor coatings for the past ten years. He runs learncoatings which is an online resource training professionals on the use of epoxy floors. He is also General Manager of Ktisis, a manufacturer of flooring and waterproofing coatings.

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